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Seriously Strengthening the Tax-Benefit Link

Pedro S. Raposo
Publication Year 
JEL Code 
J14 - Economics of the Elderly
J26 - Retirement; Retirement Policies
J31 - Wage Level and Structure; Wage Differentials by Skill, Training, Occupation, etc.
On January 1st 1994 Portugal introduced, for the first time, inflation indexation in the old-age pension formula. This change considerably decreased the uncertainty regarding the perception of the link between the stream of labor earnings and future pensions. The effect of indexation was large and, by itself, increased the expected pension amount by 28% in real terms. Individuals appear to have reacted to the policy change: labor earnings increase significantly during the eligible years approaching retirement age.
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