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Productivity and Organization in Portuguese Firms

Esteban Rossi-Hansberg
Giordano Mion
Lorenzo Caliendo
Publication Year 
JEL Code 
D22 - Firm Behavior; Empirical Analysis
D24 - Production; Capital and Total Factor Productivity; Capacity
F16 - Trade and Labor Market Interactions
J24 - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity
J31 - Wage Level and Structure; Wage Differentials by Skill, Training, Occupation, etc.
L23 - Organization of Production
The productivity of firms is, at least partly, determined by a firm’s actions and decisions. One of these decisions involves the organization of production in terms of the number of layers of management the firm decides to employ. Using detailed employer-employee matched data and firm production quantity and input data for Portuguese firms, we study the endogenous response of revenue-based and quantity-based productivity to a change in layers: a firm reorganization. We show that as a result of an exogenous demand or productivity shock that makes the firm reorganize and add a management layer, quantity based productivity increases by about 4%, while revenue-based productivity drops by more than 4%. Such a reorganization makes the firm more productive, but also increases the quantity produced to an extent that lowers the price charged by the firm and, as a result, its revenue-based productivity.
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