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A multidimensional poverty indicator for Portugal
This article proposes a multidimensional poverty indicator applied to Portugal, based on the methodology of Alkire and Foster (2011). The indicator aggregates 21 variables that cover dimensions such as participation in the labor market, education, material deprivation, social deprivation, health and housing. According to this methodology, multidimensional poverty in Portugal has declined continuously since 2014. In 2020, the proportion of the population in multidimensional poverty was 15.4% (5.9% in severe poverty). A multidimensional approach allows identifying individuals who are not included in the usual indicators of poverty and social exclusion in Portugal. These segments of the population have particularly adverse living conditions and a low degree of subjective well-being.