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Markups and Financial Shocks

Philipp Meinen
Publication Year 
JEL Code 
D22 - Firm Behavior; Empirical Analysis
G01 - Financial Crises
G10 - General
L11 - Production, Pricing, and Market Structure; Size Distribution of Firms
L22 - Firm Organization and Market Structure: Markets vs. Hierarchies; Vertical Integration
This paper analyses the impact of financial frictions on markup adjustments at the firm level. We use a rich panel data set that matches information on banking relationships with firm-level data. By relying on insights from recent contributions in the literature, we obtain exogenous credit supply shifters and markups that are both firm specific and time varying. We uncover new findings at this level. In particular, firms more exposed to liquidity risks tend to raise markups in response to negative bank-loan supply shocks, while less exposed firms generally reduce them. Further empirical analyses suggest that our findings are mostly consistent with models featuring a sticky customer base, where financially constrained firms have an incentive to raise markups in order to sustain liquidity. Our results have important economic implications regarding the cyclicality of the aggregate markup.
Document link 
Journal (repec) 
The Economic Journal