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Bargained Wages, Wage Drift and the Design of the Wage Setting System
Ana Rute Cardoso
D21 - Firm Behavior
J31 - Wage Level and Structure; Wage Differentials by Skill, Training, Occupation, etc.
J51 - Trade Unions: Objectives, Structure, and Effects
This paper aims at answering the question: How does a typically European bargaining system - with collective bargaining, extension mechanisms and national minimum wage - coexist with low unemployment rate and high wage flexibility? A unique data set on workers, firms and collective bargaining contracts in the Portuguese economy is used to analyze the determinants of both the bargained wage and the wage drift. Results indicate that wage drift stretches the returns to every worker and firm attribute, whereas it shrinks the returns to union bargaining power. Therefore, firm-specific arrangements, in the form of wage drift, partly offset collective bargaining, granting firms a high degree of freedom when setting wages. Union bargaining power raises the overall wage level, but lowers the returns on worker attributes, an outcome of the egalitarian policy pursued.
Contractual Wages and the Wage Cushion under Different Bargaining Settings