Banco de Portugal collects and compiles monetary, financial, foreign exchange and balance of payments statistics, particularly within the scope of its cooperation with the European Central Bank (ECB) (Article 13.º of the Organic Law).
The Law on the National Statistical System (Law No 22/2008 of 13 May 2008) acknowledges Banco de Portugal as statistical authority and, as such, Banco de Portugal is part of the National Statistical System, without prejudice to the guarantees of independence deriving from its participation in the European System of Central Banks (ESCB).
Statistics compiled/produced by Banco de Portugal are:
- used internally as part of its different tasks, and particularly relevant for the preparation of research and forecasts for the Portuguese economy;
- reported to international organisations, in particular the European Central Bank, within the scope of the commitments taken in the area of statistics;
- disseminated as a public service, free of charge, via BPstat Statistics online and the Statistical Bulletin.
Banco de Portugal publishes a wide range of statistics on the Portuguese economy.
Monetary and financial statistics present the monetary aggregates and their respective counterparts, balance sheets of monetary and non-monetary financial institutions, and interest rates of banking and money market operations.
Monetary financial institutions' balance sheet
The balance sheet of the monetary financial institutions statistics comprise the monetary aggregates, the balance sheet of Central Bank and the balance sheet of other monetary financial institutions (banks) and derive from the statistical accounting of the data of these institutions.
The interest rates statistics reflect the interest rates applied by the resident banking system on loans and deposits.
Other financial intermediaries, financial auxiliaries and captive financial institutions and money lenders balance sheet
The balance sheet of other financial intermediaries (except insurance corporations and pension funds), financial auxiliaries and captive financial institutions and money lenders balance sheet, comprise the statistical balance sheets of other financial intermediaries and auxiliaries and captive financial institutions and money lenders.
Investment funds balance sheet
Investment funds balance sheet statistics, comprise the statistical balance sheets of investment funds.
The money market statistics provide information on the euro money market on both the euro area and the Portuguese market segment.
External statistics measure the relationships between one economy and the outside world. They include the balance of payments statistics (transactions), international investment position statistics (positions), international reserves statistics and international banking statistics.
Balance of payments
The statistics of the balance of payments reflect the economic transactions occurred between residents and non-residents for a certain period of time and comprise transactions on goods, services, income, unrequited transfers and financial operations.
International investment position
The statistics of the international investment position reflect the value and composition of the financial assets and liabilities of the resident economy vis-à-vis the rest of the world at the end of a certain period of time. This statistic allow to calculate external debt.
International banking statistics on a consolidated basis
The international banking statistics comprise the international financial assets of the Portuguese banks in a consolidated basis.
The international reserves statistics comprise the external assets readily available and controlled by the monetary authority to meet the external financing needs of the country and are a main part of the Eurosystem external assets, for countries belonging to the European Monetary Union.
The indebtedness of the non-financial sector refers to the end-of-period debt of non-financial corporations, general governments and individuals, including liabilities in the form of loans, debt securities and trade credits.
General government statistics present general government operations with various resident sectors of the economy and the rest of the world. They include namely, information about general government financing and general government debt.
General government financing
The general government financing reflects liabilities in securities and loans deducted from the variation of deposits and securities applications, excluding transactions in shares issued by residents other than banks, and trade credits granted by residents.
Budget execution statistics reflect the collection of expected revenue and the payment of expenses set out in the State Budget.
General government debt
The general government debt reflects the level of indebtedness of the general government, comprising its responsibilities vis-à-vis the other resident sectors of the economy and the rest of the world.
General government interventions to support financial institutions
General government interventions to support financial institutions include data on the impact on the general government deficit and debt of such support measures.
Non-financial corporations statistics are part of a set of indicators about non-financial corporations, namely indicators about balance sheets and profit and loss account, as well as economic-financial ratios.
Exchange rate statistics present information on prices of a wide range of currencies and on exchange rates indices.
The exchange rate statistics reflect the prices of currencies against a reference currency and comprise daily and monthly exchange rates.
Exchange rates indices
The effective exchange rates indices statistics are a measure of synthesis of the external value of a currency against the currencies of major trading partners and, when deflated, are the most commonly used indicators to measure the external competitiveness of the economy.
The national accounts comprise the financial and non-financial accounts of the economy covering the main macroeconomic variables and the relations between the resident institutional sectors and the rest of the world.
GDP Expenditure approach
Information on gross domestic product (GDP) at market prices and main components of expenditure in Portugal and in the euro area (average and other EA countries).
GDP Production approach
Information on gross domestic product (GDP) at market prices for Portugal compiled according to the production-approach: gross value added (GVA) at basic prices broken down by main branches of activity, plus taxes minus subsidies on products.
Net Lending/Net Borrowing
Information on the net lending/net borrowing of the economy, broken down by resident institutional sector, according to the non-financial national accounts approach.
Households' income and saving
Information on the main components of the disposable income and savings of the household sector (households and non-profit institutions serving households) in Portugal.
National financial accounts
The national financial accounts include a structured and coherent set of statistical information, which records financial transactions – flows and stocks – between the institutional sectors of the economy and between these sectors and the rest of the world, disaggregated by financial instrument.
Price statistics include a set of indicators on the prices evolution in Portugal: consumer, production and housing prices and national accounts deflators. For the harmonised indicator HICP it is possible the data comparison between Portugal and the most relevant economic areas.
Commodity prices correspond to international markets prices and include the oil price and the non-energy commodity prices.
Housing price statistics comprise indicators for the evolution of property transaction prices (new and existing dwellings) in Portugal.
Consumer prices index
Inflation indicator in Portugal that measures the average price evolution of a (regularly updated) basket of goods and services representative of the residents’ consumption expenditure. The information is broken down by COICOP classes and aggregates of goods and services.
Harmonised index of consumer prices
Harmonised inflation indicator for Portugal, which measures the average price evolution of a basket of goods and services, representative of the final consumption expenditure by households in the territory (including "tourists").The information is broken down by COICOP classes and aggregates of goods and services and, for Portugal, it includes trend measures. These data are comparable vis-à-vis the other EA countries, EA and EU averages that are also available at BPstat.
National accounts deflators
Statistics on the price developments underlying the main aggregates of national accounts expenditure in Portugal.
Cash issuance statistics provide information on the main stages of the cash lifecycle.
Economic activity indicators for monitoring the real economy developments and forecasting the main macroeconomic aggregates.
European Commission qualitative indicators including the economic sentiment indicator, sectorial confidence indicators (industry, retail trade, services and construction) and the consumer's confidence indicator.
Indicators produced by Banco de Portugal that cover the economic activity and the private consumption coincident indicators.
Sectorial indicators - Manufacturing
Quantitative indicators for the activity in the industrial sector, such as the Industrial Production Index, the I Industrial Turnover Index and the level of capacity utilisation in manufacturing industry.
Sectorial indicators - Trade
Quantitative indicators concerning the activity in trade, such as the retail trade turnover, the sales of motor vehicles (passengers and commercial vehicles) and the retail sales of gasoline and diesel.
Sectorial indicators - Services
Quantitative indicators concerning the activity in the services sector, such as the Services Turnover Index and the number of overnight stays in tourism accommodation sector (resident and nonresident costumers).
Sectoral indicators - Construction
Quantitative indicators concerning the activity in the construction sector, such as the cement sales and number of construction permits issued.
Indicators that intend to identify risks and vulnerabilities for the Portuguese Economy. These indicators include indicadors of the Banking System and also Financial Soundness Indicators (FSI) published by the IMF. An indicator for financial stress in Portugal is also included.
The information about the Portuguese banking system regards the balance sheet and the income statement, aggregating data in a consolidated and individual basis (for the agents who do not consolidate accounts in Portugal).
Statistics on population and labour market include a set of indicators of developments in population, employment, unemployment, compensation of employees and productivity in Portugal. For the main indicators comparable data for the euro area average is also available.
Population, employment and unemployment
Statistics on developments in resident population, employment and unemployment in Portugal.
Labour costs and productivity
Statistics on compensation of employees, unit labour costs (ratio of compensation per employee to productivity) and productivity (ratio of real GDP to total employment) for Portugal and the euro area average.
Payments statistics include information on the use of payment instruments in Portugal and transactions processed through interbank clearing and settlement systems.
Securities statistics present relations of financing and financial investment in the form of securities and comprise statistics on issues and on the secondary market.
The securities issue statistics (primary market) comprise information related with the securities issued by resident entities in domestic and foreign markets in its various components (issuance, redemption and outstanding amounts).
The secondary market statistics comprise transactions on the stock exchange or outside on securities that are in circulation.