Economics in a picture
Teleworking increased during the pandemic, especially among more educated individuals
Teleworking was an option employed by firms to mitigate the negative effects on the activity of a lockdown situation such as that seen in the second quarter of 2020. The characteristics of the various occupations are reflected in differences in the propensity of distinct groups of workers to benefit from teleworking, thus remaining employed and with no drop in income.
The incidence of teleworking was much higher in individuals with higher schooling level and higher remuneration of work. In individuals with a schooling level lower than secondary education, the share of teleworking was 6.5% in the second quarter of the year. This proportion increases to more than 20% in individuals with secondary education and exceeds 60% in individuals with tertiary education. The lower use of teleworking by less educated and lower paid workers is an additional dimension in which the pandemic crisis raises issues of inequality.
For more details, see Section 3.1 “Teleworking in Portugal” published in Banco de Portugal Economic Bulletin, October 2020.
Prepared by Sónia Cabral and Ana Catarina Pimenta. The analyses, opinions and findings expressed above represent the views of the authors and not necessarily those of Banco de Portugal or the Eurosystem.
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